Eduardo Chillida

1924 San Sebastián/Spain – 2002 ibid.

To paraphrase Rosalind Krauss’ words, Eduardo Chillida can be seen as a sculptor in the expanded field. Architecture was his first love, but after a few years of studies at the University of Madrid (1943-1947) Chillida quit, moved to Paris and devoted himself to sculpture. Chillida is famous for his monumental realizations in public spaces. His sculptures are balancing between modern and post-modern understanding of sculpture. Early works of Chillida are focused on the purity of material, then, in mid-60s, he became more interested in exploring the relationship between the sculpture and its surroundings. At the same time he started to work in graphic art, which became the next channel to express his sculptural reflections. Chillida was appreciated by philosopher Martin Heidegger, with whom he was in a certain dialogue. His works were exhibited at Venice Biennale (Grand Prix for sculpture, 1958, 1988, 1990), Documenta in Kassel (1959, 1968, 1977) and Skulptur Münster (1987), among others.